Some health issues are more prevalent in some dogs than others, depending on their size. Each dog breed is, indeed, unique, but it is crucial to understand the common dog health issues that may affect your dog, and most importantly, taking the necessary steps for preventing and treatment of these health issues.
Below are three (3) of the most common health issues among dogs, and some suggested ways to prevent and treat them:
1) Worms - Dogs are commonly infested with worms. Most dog owners may not notice a problem until it has grown out of control and the dog becomes ill.
- The best way to control a worm infestation in your dog is to prevent it from happening in the first place. Regular preventive treatment and exams ensures no infestation in your dog.
- Clean the areas where your dog usually stays at. Remove feces and other waste materials on a regular basis.
- Most worms use rats as hosts until they can find a larger host, such as a dog. Control any infestations of rats in your area with appropriate traps and baits.
- Dogs get heartworms from a mosquito bite, which is why it is also crucial to minimize your dog’s exposure to mosquitos. Get rid of stagnant clean water where mosquitoes may breed.
- If you are finding quite a difficult time controlling pests outdoors, you may want to consider hiring a professional exterminator.
- If you suspect your dog to be having worms, it is best that you consult with your veterinarian.
- There are several safe ways to deworm your dog. There are medicines that veterinarians may prescribe, and there are also home remedies to get rid of worms.
- There are many safe ways to de-worm your dog. The sooner the worms are gone, the sooner your pet will get healthy and feel better.
2) Fleas - Most adult fleas spend most of their life on an animals, such as dogs. They inject saliva into the skin of dogs, causing the dogs to itch because of some allergenic salivary proteins. Flea eggs, larvae, and pupae are mostly found in the environment, commonly in beddings, carpets, and under furniture edges. They tend to like areas that are moist, warm, and shady. For every flea that you see on your dog, likely lie a hundred other flea eggs in your environment. An effective way of preventing and controlling fleas is to first treat the environment, and then treating your dog.
- Thoroughly vacuum your entire home, especially under furniture edged and where your dog sleeps. As much as possible, vacuum daily in areas where flea eggs are very likely to populate.
- Wash your dog’s bedding weekly.
- For open areas, fogging and using surface sprays can be an option.
- If possible, enclose your property to prevent other dogs from trespassing your place.
- Regularly mow your lawn and keep your bushes trimmed, as this creates a less hospitable environment to fleas.
- Approved insecticides, insect growth regulators, sprays, spot-on treatments and oral medications are the most common effective means in preventing and treating flea problems. Be careful when using products, because most are not recommended for dogs under 6 weeks of age.
- There are also natural ways to prevent and get rid of fleas on dogs. Several kitchen materials, such as apple cider vinegar and lemon, are few of the natural pesticides that are shown to kill or deter pests.
3) Diarrhea - Diarrhea in dogs, although does not seem to be an alarm for most dog owners, actually requires attention and proper treatment, for the welfare of the dog and for the comfort of the owner. It can be just an acute condition that comes on quickly, but it can also be a chronic condition that persists over time. To avoid diarrhea, dogs should have a diet suitable for his size and age. Their diet should not also be frequently and suddenly changed, and their food should always be free from inedible and toxic materials. It is also recommended that as much as possible, dogs should avoid overly stressful activities.
- For dogs that have acute diarrhea, professionals suggest to reduce or withhold entirely, for about 12 to 24 hours, the food intake of the dog. Another option is to replace the regular diet of the dog with low-fat food. Yogurt, cooked sweet potato, andor cottage cheese can be added to the diet to help soothe the stomach and firm up a little the stool.
- Dogs that have diarrhea persisting for more than a week should be seen by a veterinarian right away.